📖 (6 min. read)Eucharist: reflections with help from Teilhard de Chardin


Reflecting on his understanding of Teilhard de Chardin, Tom’s examination of the different aspects of the Eucharist draws us into the mystery of the hidden presence and purpose of God, revealed in the context of the whole of Jesus’ life so that we come into communion with Christ as part of the body, not as single disciples. August 2006 (1100words)


The Eucharist: Overture and Four Movements

OVERTURE We offer you, Lord, in our strong and sensitive hands Today this bread, This plough and plod, soft coaxing, collecting The mixing and moulding, dull rumbling of trucks Till the crates are all named for those countless lands From our proud, proud hands, O Lord, accept this bread. We offer you, Lord, in our soil-cracked, our swollen hands Today this wine This fall, this crush, the strain, the pain O crumbling collapsing of flesh and the fierce fast The dizzy dash of the blood of those distant lands From our weary, weary hearts, O Lord; accept this wine. Then give into our hands Christ’s flesh To melt and merge with the soil and the stones, And give our hearts Christ’s blood To seep through the sweat when the world groans That our earth may grow through its brightest blackest parts A sight well pleasing to the lord of lands. (John F. Deane)

And four movements:

EUCHARIST

EPICLESIS

ANAMNESIS

KOINONIA


1. EUCHARIST - SHARING

Eucharist, gratitude of heart starts for most of us

as fair-weather thankers

all things bright and beautiful

count your blessings, dear

always look on the bright side

and often encouraged by liturgy

we say: all your actions show your wisdom and love.

Do they?

We do not need to stand in Auschwitz to cry out:

Lord why are you silent? Where are you?

From the centre of a contemplative heart,

vulnerable to the malign powers of our world,

to our communion with the innocent suffering of people

and to our complicit part in injustice and violence,

Lord, why are you silent?

In Teilhard’s reflection on the prophet Elijah

the prophet journeys into the desert where ‘the presence’

swirls him out of the desert to confront him.

Elijah falls to his knees awestruck

but the voice challenges him

“Stand up Son of Man and fight me.

If you do not fight me, you will not know me.”

If in our dread, and anger, and bewilderment

we do not fight God

God remains but a projection of our own fair-weather dreams.

If we do not fight God with Job

we cannot truly know the Song of Songs.

If we take the bread of human creativity

but not the wine of affliction poured out in the sand,

we cannot truly know what the Lord meant:

All shall be well, and all manner of thing…

The Eucharist of Easter resurrection reveals

that the Son of Man was glorified

at three o’clock on Good Friday.

and his body is broken, and his blood is poured out

to this day.



2. EPICLESIS - CONSECRATION

In the Epiclesis-Consecration we are present to God’s Spirit

incorporating matter into the divine milieu

memories of Tohu-and-Bohu, of Adam, of Mary’s womb.

God’s embodiment in the stuff of our world, our lives

not his Spirit poured into earthenware vessels

(must we not beware of spirituality?)

by the power of the Spirit

this bread, this wine, become the locally focussed presence

of the crucified glorified Christ

now pervading the whole of our world

this bread, this wine, the sacramentally localised

pledge and promise of the new creation

god divinising in Christ the realities of our world

in all its agonies and ecstasies; its weal and its woe.

God makes known to us his hidden purpose

to be effected when the time is ripe

that all in heaven and all on earth

will be brought together in Christ

and God shall be all in all.

Truly the ‘mysterium fidei’, mystery of faith-knowing,

giving us a reading of human history

barely comprehensible in our modern secular world.

But the mystery is carried in the liturgy

and in such a way as to speak new things in new contexts

in our contemporary context

when ecological, environmental and demographic awareness

easily leading to foreboding

or tempt us to escapist spirituality

the extreme modesty of God

choosing to dis-appear into bread and wine

surely calls us away from the hubris

of so much modern progress

into a divine modesty in human endeavours.



3. ANAMNESIS - REMEMBRANCE

We call to mind and make our whole selves present to

the Passover of Christ living on in his risen person.

But do we, in Eucharistic prayers and the Creed,

so isolate the defining hour of his end story

from the context of his life which gave it meaning,

do we convey the idea that it was God’s will

that his Son be sacrificed?

That the God who had vividly taught Abraham

both in the case of Isaac and Ishmael

that he is not a God who requires the killing of offspring in his name

that the God who Jesus had spent his life introducing people to as their Abba father who initiates compassion

that in the end story that same God wills his Son’s sacrificial death.

We need to see Christ’s ‘kairos’ hour in the context of his life

the context of the crisis created

by the incarnation of God’s holiness into human affairs –

not a crisis between saints & sinners, or virtue & vice

not a crisis sorting out grain from chaff

but a crisis above all for those with vested interests

in God’s gifts of wealth, learning and power.

It is God’s greatest gifts, when they coagulate into ‘the powers’

and have become their own kingdoms

which became, and become, impervious to God.

Not least when exercised in his name.

That was surely the context, the life journey,

which gave meaning to his free, non-violent,

unilateral decision at the end.

After the Ascension when the embryonic church

sought to make up the quota of twelve

it had to be one who had made the journey with Christ.

We too cannot proclaim the crucified one in any other context.

It was not the will of God that His Son should die

It was the will of God, in union with Jesus’ inner will,

that he should see through to the end

what he had lived for.

Thus was the Son of Man glorified.



4. KOINONIA – COMMUNION

The Body of Christ: Amen. The Blood of Christ: Amen.

Nor surely the individual Amen

of the single disciple of Christ

But the deeply personal Amen

incorporated into the faith of the church community.

A personal Amen to realise and become

the one whom we consume,

to realise and become the sacrament

of the prevenient divine milieu

ever prevenient for the risen Christ says today

as he said to the women

‘Tell them I go before you.’

Amen to the sacrament of the one who goes before

that we may be where he is

in the joys and hopes, the grief and anguish of people

and especially the poor and afflicted.

A foolish, reckless ‘Amen’ of abandonment

To God’s Holy Spirit

To be freed from the confines of the false ego

And domestic idols of wealth, power a& learning

To be incorporated as a member of the divine milieu.

Only in losing self independence do we discover

that ‘unity differentiates’

not in isolation but integration

for ‘unity differentiates.’

If at the heart-core of my being

I am the image of the ‘other’

I become truly myself

in becoming as the other.

- unity differentiates.

If as an earthling I am born out of

the long evolution story of the earth

I become truly myself

as a member of the whole.

- unity differentiates.

Amen – Crucified and Risen Lord

in whom God shall be all in all.


In our hands, the hands of all of us, the world and life are placed like a host, ready to be charged with the divine influence … with a real presence of the Incarnate Word. The mystery will be accomplished … but only on condition that we know in faith that this has the power to become for us the action – that is the prolongation of the body of Christ. If we believe then everything is illuminated and takes shape for us: chance is seen to be order, success assumes incorruptible plenitude, suffering becomes a visit and a caress of God. But if we hesitate the rock remains dry, the sky dark, the waters treacherous. And we may hear the words of the master: O ye of little faith, why have ye doubted? Lord, help my unbelief. Ah, you know it yourself Lord, having borne the anguish of it as a man. On certain days the world seems a terrifying thing – huge, blind, brutal. It buffets us about, drags us along, and kills with utter indifference. Heroically, it may truly be said, people have contrived to create a more or less habitable zone of light and warmth in the midst of the great, cold, black waters – a zone where people have eyes to see, hands to help, and hearts to love. But how precarious it is! At any moment the vast horrible thing may break in – the thing we try to forget is always there, separated from us by a flimsy partition: fire, pestilence, storms, earthquakes, or the unleashing of dark moral forces – these callously sweep away in one moment what we had laboriously built up and beautified with such intelligence and love. Since my human dignity, O God, forbids me to close my eyes to this – like an animal or child – that I may not succumb to the temptation to curse the universe and him who made it, teach me to adore it by seeing you concealed within. O Lord, repeat to me the great liberating word, the words which both reveal and activate: This is my body ... it is I, do not be afraid. The things that fill us with dread, the dread you knew in the garden, are in the end only the species or appearance, the matter of one and the same sacrament. We have only to recognise in faith. (Teilhard de Chardin, ‘The Milieu Divine’ slightly adapted)


Prophetic Trajectories of Hope from San Salvador to Liverpool: A Celebration of the ministries of Oscar Romero, Austin Smith, Tom Cullinan and Kevin Kelly.

 

A talk by David McLoughlin,
Emeritus Fellow of Christian Theology
Newman University 

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